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coronasonnet

The coronasonnet is a contemporary poetic form originating from Singapore. It was invented by the poets of SingPoWriMo (Singapore Poetry Writing Month) in the early 21st century, in the middle of the COVID-19 outbreak. The coronasonnet is unique for its inherent virality, where it spreads itself to other poets as part of its formal requirements.

The form is a descendant of the Italian sonnet form, with Italy currently being the nation with the largest number of deaths from COVID-19. Despite petitions to acknowledge lineage from the Chinese 律诗, the current recognised name of the coronasonnet does not include any geographical reference to prevent discrimination against its poetic exponents. 

Another common name for the coronasonnet is the quaronasonnet, with reference to large numbers of coronasonnets being written by poets in quarantine or under shelter-in-place / stay-home / lock-down conditions.


Contents 1Structure2  Examples
Structure[edit]There are 4 rules of the coronasonnet:
- The cor…

vlle

The vlle is a received poetic form originating from Britain under Henry VIII, that has been all but abandoned by most English-speaking countries, with the notable exception of Southeast Asia, where it has experienced a revival in its usage. 

The vlle was invented by British ecclesiasticals in the 16th century, and formulated in reaction to Henry VIII's creation of the Anglican church. It later flowed into India in the 19th century via colonisation, and was grudgingly adopted by the local literati despite its dissonances with classical Hindu forms. The form was roundly rejected by Indian poets in the modern day, but has retained its popularity in Southeast Asia, particularly in Malaysia and Singapore.
Contents 1Structure2  Examples
Structure[edit]Vlle are constructed as a series of three-line stanzas. The first line contains three words and begins the poetic thought, and is followed by a couplet of seven words each. The couplet should conclude with masculine rhymes. Feminine rhymes ar…

kōel

The kōeis a poetic form originating from Southeast Asia, that has seen scattered use across Asia, Australia and the Pacific. They are conceptually derivative from Zen practice, and encapsulate the spirit of Zen kōan within more rigorous formal constraints. The plural form of kōel is kōel.

Kōel in their original state were used to capture expressions of singular emotion, such as shock, innocence, or joy. In more recent years, kōel have been subverted to convey more duplicitous emotions such as smugness, or to convey a satirical take on the topic at hand.

The kōel is a musically-inspired form that often hinges on effective onomatopoeia and sonics. When executed effectively and harmoniously with multiple sibilants, it evokes the sensation of birdsong - when written more subversively with heavy use of plosives, it creates the rousing effect of an early morning birdcall.
Contents 1Structure2Variants3Examples Structure[edit]Kōel are made up of stanzas of three lines, that are easily identif…

syair

The syair is a form of traditional poetry from the Malay-speaking world. The earliest examples come from the 1600s, authored by the Sumatran Sufi poet Hamzah Fansuri; he may well have been the inventor of the form.
Most syair are narrative poems, describing events, fictional, historical or anecdotal. They may also be didactic, conveying ideas of religion or philosophy.

Often, they are not read silently; instead, performers sit before the audience with an open book and sing the verses aloud. The form may thus be said to straddle both oral and written literature.

Contents 1Structure2Conventions3Examples Structure[edit]Syair are made up of stanzas of four lines of the same length, usually four or five beats. The rhyme scheme is AAAA. 

Syair lines often begin with stressed syllables and end with unstressed rhyming syllables, e.g. “orang” is an acceptable rhyme for “wayang”; “button” is an acceptable rhyme for “melon”. This is by no means a rule; stress does not play a major role in the Malay …

found//fount sonnet

The found//fount sonnet is a poetic form, invented by poet Desmond Kon Zhicheng-Mingdé. It originated in Singapore.
This variation of the sonnet comprises the fourteen lines expected of any sonnet, while dipping into existing texts to unearth fourteen distinct words, each of which are then woven into each of the sonnet’s fourteen lines. There is a strict method by which the fourteen words are selected and extracted.
The sonnet is unrivalled in its classic stature. No other form has its cultural cachet, so much so whole nations have their own versions of it. The Italians have the Petrarchan sonnet; the English have their Shakespearean and Spenserian sonnets. Billy Collins has written “American Sonnet”, with Tomaz Salamun penning “Sonnet to a Slovenian”. In Singapore, there is Joshua Ip’s Sonnets From the Singlish, which clinched the Singapore Literature Prize.
“As Singapore’s very own version of the sonnet,” Kon says, “this form revels in invocation and dispensation. Its beauty rests on…