The kōeis a poetic form originating from Southeast Asia, that has seen scattered use across Asia, Australia and the Pacific. They are conceptually derivative from Zen practice, and encapsulate the spirit of Zen kōan within more rigorous formal constraints. The plural form of kōel is kōel.

Kōel in their original state were used to capture expressions of singular emotion, such as shock, innocence, or joy. In more recent years, kōel have been subverted to convey more duplicitous emotions such as smugness, or to convey a satirical take on the topic at hand.

The kōel is a musically-inspired form that often hinges on effective onomatopoeia and sonics. When executed effectively and harmoniously with multiple sibilants, it evokes the sensation of birdsong - when written more subversively with heavy use of plosives, it creates the rousing effect of an early morning birdcall.
Contents 1Structure2Variants3Examples Structure[edit]Kōel are made up of stanzas of three lines, that are easily identif…


The syair is a form of traditional poetry from the Malay-speaking world. The earliest examples come from the 1600s, authored by the Sumatran Sufi poet Hamzah Fansuri; he may well have been the inventor of the form.
Most syair are narrative poems, describing events, fictional, historical or anecdotal. They may also be didactic, conveying ideas of religion or philosophy.

Often, they are not read silently; instead, performers sit before the audience with an open book and sing the verses aloud. The form may thus be said to straddle both oral and written literature.

Contents 1Structure2Conventions3Examples Structure[edit]Syair are made up of stanzas of four lines of the same length, usually four or five beats. The rhyme scheme is AAAA. 

Syair lines often begin with stressed syllables and end with unstressed rhyming syllables, e.g. “orang” is an acceptable rhyme for “wayang”; “button” is an acceptable rhyme for “melon”. This is by no means a rule; stress does not play a major role in the Malay …

found//fount sonnet

The found//fount sonnet is a poetic form, invented by poet Desmond Kon Zhicheng-Mingdé. It originated in Singapore.
This variation of the sonnet comprises the fourteen lines expected of any sonnet, while dipping into existing texts to unearth fourteen distinct words, each of which are then woven into each of the sonnet’s fourteen lines. There is a strict method by which the fourteen words are selected and extracted.
The sonnet is unrivalled in its classic stature. No other form has its cultural cachet, so much so whole nations have their own versions of it. The Italians have the Petrarchan sonnet; the English have their Shakespearean and Spenserian sonnets. Billy Collins has written “American Sonnet”, with Tomaz Salamun penning “Sonnet to a Slovenian”. In Singapore, there is Joshua Ip’s Sonnets From the Singlish, which clinched the Singapore Literature Prize.
“As Singapore’s very own version of the sonnet,” Kon says, “this form revels in invocation and dispensation. Its beauty rests on…

nucleus poem

The nucleus poem / নিউক্লিয়াসকবিতা is a form of poetry that mimics the structure of an atom. It was invented in 2015by Singapore-based Bangladeshi poet Syedur Rahman Liton. In his words, it is “an epoch-making poem of present world, prepared in a special model”. Initially used to create poetry in Bengali, it was rapidly embraced by a diverse range of poets in the migrant worker and volunteer community. Examples now exist in English, Tagalog, Bahasa Indonesia and Tamil. Contents 1Structure2Examples Structure
A nucleus poem consists of four lines. The number of syllables in each line corresponds to the number of electrons in each sublevel of the electron shell.
The first line contains 2 syllables.The second line contains 8 syllables.The third line contains 18 syllables.The fourth line contains anywhere from 1 to 32 syllables. Examples Nucleus Poem 1, by Syedur Rahman Liton (original and English translation) Fie! Fie!
Those who are failed to operate democracy
Made blood machine, are shown shame