twin cinema

The twin cinema is an invented poetic form that originated in Singapore. 



The first twin cinema was written by Yeow Kai Chai in the Jul 2010 issue of Quarterly Literary Review Singapore, entitled "Begone dull care". It was subtitled "twin cinema comprising bolts and nuts of unrelated scenes, some pilfered." Kai Chai has been mentioned as being inspired by John Ashbery's "Litany", a 65-page poem written in two columns, published in the 1979 collection "As You Know". The form was named after the 2005 album of the same name by the Canadian indie rock band The New Pornographers.

David Wong further explored this form in the titular poem of his debut collection, "For The End Comes Reaching". He added further definition and functionality to the form, defining it as being able to be read across or as two discrete columns. 

The form caught on during Singapore Poetry Writing Month 2016, despite not being a defined prompt. Numerous outstanding examples of the form were produced, as well as many technically challenging variants.


In its original form as developed by Yeow Kai Chai, the twin cinema consisted of two discrete columns of poetry. The columns were separate and did not read as a coherent line across both columns. Each individual line of a column contained imagery that could correlate or contrast to the opposing line of the other column. 

In its modern form as popularised by David Wong, the twin cinema must now be readable horizontally across both columns, as well as vertically down each discrete column. This is a more onerous constraint, but has provoked robust poetic responses that have risen to the challenge.

In contrast to the more pastiche-like nature of its origin, the modern twin cinema is often characterised by a dialogue between two opposing or agreeing voices in the vertical columns that reaches an uncertain harmony when read horizontally across. 


Twin cinema gained significant popularity in the poetry group SingPoWriMo (Singapore Poetry Writing Month) in 2016, and thus acquired multiple variants as it was merged or reused to answer different prompts.

- Jukebox twin cinema or twin centonema issued from a prompt requiring poets to assemble poetry from song lyrics.
- Meta-twin cinema issued from a trend of self-referentiality, where poets would assemble poems from their own or other poet's lines posted during the month.
- Triple and quad cinema were natural products of pushing the form to increasingly higher levels, with three and four discrete columns respectively. The lines should still be coherently readable even across the greater number of columns. 


  • The original piece by Yeow Kai Chai "Begone dull care" from QLRS.
  • David Wong's "For the end comes reaching" on QLRS.
  • Interview with David Wong on the twin cinema.
  • Unseen Magazine's publication of Al Lim's "won|der".
  • A twin cinema by an actual twin, Joses Ho, about "twincest".
  • An instructional twin cinema by Charlene Shepherdson on the form itself.
  • A merger of twin cinema and nucleus poems by Al Lim, on the ICA.
  • A jukebox twin cinema, "Meat is Murder", by Jerome Lim, assembled from lyrics.
  • A twin cinema by Joshua Ip on the family of Genghis Khan in Legend of the Condor Heroes.
  • A meta-twin cinema by Marc Nair - Arguments With Myself - assembled from lines from multiple poets during SingPoWriMo 16.
  • A meta-twin cinema by Ang Shuang, assembled from lines from Janice Heng and Ruth Tang, two notable poets during SingPoWriMo 16.
  • A twin cinema by Janice Heng on a brother and sister from a famous political family, which went viral on facebook with more than a hundred shares and five hundred likes.
  • A triple cinema by See Wern Hao referencing the same family with a third member.
  • A quad cinema by Janice Heng on a robot who wants to learn poetry.
  • A twin cinema by Joshua Ip on a sunday election.


  1. ClickAssalamualaikum dan salam sejahtera

    Saya ingin berbagi cerita kepada anda bahwa saya seorang TKW dari malaysia dan secara tidak sengaja saya buka internet dan saya melihat komentar IBU DARNA yg dari singapur tentan AKI SYHE MAULANA yg telah membantu dia menjadi sukses dan akhirnya saya juga mencoba menghubungi beliau dan alhamdulillah beliau mau membantu saya untuk memberikan nomor Togel/lottrey toto 4D dr hasil ritual/ghaib melalui jarak jauh dan alhamdulillah itu betul-betul terbukti tembus dan menang RM.230.000 Ringgit ,kini saya kembali indon membeli rumah dan kereta walaupun sy Cuma pembantu rumah tanggah di selangor malaysia, sy sangat berterimakasih kepada AKI SYHE MAULANA dan tidak lupa mengucap syukur kepada ALLAH karna melalui AKI MAULANA saya juga sudah bisa sesukses ini. Jadi kawan2 yg dalam kesusahan jg pernah putus asah, kalau sudah waktunya tuhan pasti kasi jalan asal anda mau berusaha, ini adalah kisah nyata dari seorang TKW, AKI MAULANA adalah guru spiritual terkenal di indonesia. jika anda ingin seperti saya silahkan ☎ (( +6282321594488 )) ATAU KLIK DISINI RITUAL PESUGIHAN DUNIA GHAIB

  2. Hello everyone. My name is Olga and I'm from Russia
    At the moment I'm in the process of writing my master's thesis on the use of blogs in

    Could you help me a little? Just answer the question here in the comments. Who do you

    consider the most handsome/beautiful actor/actress and the best director of all time?
    It can be one person or several people. I will be very grateful for your help.
    Beams of goodness all around, as we say in Russia.

  3. Vai trò không thể phủ nhận của bản vẽ nhà xưởng khung thép đó là căn cứ của cả quá trình thi công. Các công nhân xây dựng sẽ làm theo bản vẽ mẫu nhà xưởng tiền chế để lắp ráp và hoàn thiện công trình. Nếu thực hiện đầy đủ và đúng theo bản vẽ cad nhà thép tiền chế thì nhà xưởng càng tương đồng với mong muốn của chủ đầu tư. Bên cạnh đó, bản vẽ khung nhà xưởng thép tiền chế nếu sai lệch về số đo, số lượng và độ dài sẽ ảnh hưởng trực tiếp đến tiến độ thi công. Bản vẽ kết cấu nhà xưởng thép tiền chế càng chi tiết và rành mạch thì sẽ tránh được việc phải lắp dựng lại nhiều lần. Hy vọng qua bài viết trên, bạn đã hiểu rõ hơn về bản vẽ nhà xưởng khung thép. Chúc bạn có một nhà xưởng tiền chế an toàn và như ý thiết kế nhà xưởng khung thép.

  4. Bạn đang có nhu cầu xây dựng nhà xưởng. Bên mình ChuyênThiết kế thi công xây dựng nhà xưởng giá rẻ tại TPHCM và các tỉnh lân cận như Bình Dương, Long An, Đồng Nai, Bà Rịa.... Khi có nhu cầu xin vui lòng liên hệ. Mr Vinh ( 0901554495)

  5. Bên mình Chuyên xây dựng nhà xưởng thiết kế thi công uy tín tại TPHCM. Nếu quý công ty có khách hàng cần xây dựng nhà xưởng liên hệ mình với nha. Khi có nhu cầu xin vui lòng liên hệ. Mr Vinh ( 0901554495). Rất Mong được hợp tác Đảm bảo sẽ mang lại cho quý khách hàng một chất lượng dịch vụ tốt nhất. Xin chân thành cảm ơn!

  6. Bạn đang có nhu cầu xây dựng nhà xưởng. Bên mình ChuyênThiết kế thi công xây dựng nhà xưởng giá rẻ tại TPHCM. Khi có nhu cầu xin vui lòng liên hệ. Mr Vinh ( 0901554495)
    Đảm bảo sẽ mang lại cho quý khách hàng một chất lượng dịch vụ tốt nhất!


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog